I. Elements of 3D Design

Symmetry: what occurs when one side of something balances out or mirrors the other.

Michealangelo Pistoletto – Borbein Figure

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Richard Serra- Circuit

Jeff-Koons-Hanging Heart





Asymmetry is the absence of, or a violation of, a symmetry.

Nam June Paike -Benevolence

Michealangelo Pistoletto -About U-Turn

Magdalena Abakanowicz -Energy and Process

Eva Hesse

Claes Oldenburg

Radial Symmetry: a symmetrical arrangement of constituents, especially of radiating parts, about a central point.

Nam June Paike

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Judy Chicago

Eva Hesse

Claire Barclay

Scale: Dimensional element’s defined by other elements of design-size relative to other art, its surroundings, or in relation to human size.

Louise Bourgois – Spider

Jeff Coons – Puppy

Claus Oldenburg

Claes Oldenburg

Brancusi – Endless Column

Proportion: a measurement of the size and quantity of elements within a composition.

Magdelena Abakanowit – ZYK

Magdalena Abakanowicz – O’euvre

Magdelena Abakanowtiz – King Arthur’s Court

Eva Hesse

Emphasis: the arrangement of the page components to create a focal point or visual hierarchy of dominant and subordinant elements.

Leonardo Drew – Number 40

Magdelena Abakanowicz – Cage

Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse

Louise Bourgois

Contrast: the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama.

Nam June Paik -TV Buddha

Michealangelo Pistoletto – Venus of the Rags

Eva Hesse

Jeff Coons – Tulips

Donald Judd – Minimal

Variety: the quality or state of having different forms or types. The differences which give a design visual and conceptual interest: notably use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.

Nam June Pike – Electronic Superhighway

Louise Nevelson

Leonardo Drew

Leonardo Drew – 171T

Eva Hesse – Atelier

Repetition: works with pattern to make the artwork seem active. The repetition of elements of design creates unity within the artwork.

Magdelena Abakanowtiz

Judy Chicago

Judy Chicago – Minimal Works

Donald Judd – Boxes

David Judd – Field Sculptures

Rhythm: when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. Variety is essential to keep rhythm exciting and active, and moving the viewer around the artwork.

Richard Serra

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Louise Bourgeoi

Leonardo Drew

Judy Chicago – Minimal Works

  1. July 4, 2013 at 12:47 am

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