Mass/Creative and Functional Design: Toy, Game or Invention

May 6, 2011 1 comment


Play: Being able to interact with a toy

Mass: The property of a toy that causes it to have weight
Weight: The vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth’s mass for bodies near it’s surface
Presence: The state of being present; current existence
Absence: Failure to be present
Negative Space: the space around and between the subject of an image. Negative space may be most evident when the space around a subject and not the subject itself.
Negative Space

Categories: Uncategorized

Structure/Abstraction: Alter Ego


Armature: the protective covering of an animal or plant, or any part serving for defense or offense.

Texture: the visual and especially tactile quality of a surface

Structure: mode of building

Alter Ego: a second self

Abstract: expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specificobject or instance

Non-Representational: not resembling or portraying any object in physical nature

Anthropomorphic Abstraction: ascribing human form or attributes to a being or thing nothuman, especially to a deity

Geometric Abstraction: resembling or employing the simple rectilinear or curvilinear lines or figures used in geometry

Mask: a covering for all or part of the face, worn to conceal one’s identity

Emphasis: a certain stress on an aspect





Alter Ego


Anamorphic Abstraction

Geometric Abstraction



Categories: Uncategorized

Plane and Edge

Plane: A flat two dimensional surface.

Edge: The boundary of a plane.

Freestanding/In the Round: Created to be viewed from all sides.

Form: Shape or Visual appearance of an object.

Closed Form: Having a resolved balance of tensions, a sense of calm completeness implying a totality within itself.



Freestanding/In the round


Closed Form

Categories: Uncategorized

From Flat to Volume

Low relief- slightly raised portions of a sculpture.

High relief- highly raised portions of a sculpture.

Primary- the biggest or most emphasized contours of a sculpture.

Secondary Contours- the smaller, less emphasized contours of a sculpture.

Volume- the 3 dimensional space something takes up.

Activated Space- the positive or used space of a sculpture.

Activated Space

High Relief

Low Relief

Primary Contours

Secondary Contours


Categories: Uncategorized

Line and Shape

Straight Lines: An edge or line without curvature.

Curved Lines: An edge or line that’s bent.

Vertical Lines: Edges or lines that run up and down.

Horizontal Lines: Edges or lines that run from left to right / right to left.

Diagonal Lines:  Edges or lines that are slanted.

Actual Lines: Edges or lines made up of actual matter.

Implied Lines: Edges or lines created by surrounding matter, or by fragmented lines or edges.

Sight Line:

Space: Dimension.

Presence and Absence in Space: Positive and negative space.

Opened and Closed Space: Space enclosed or opened.

Kinetic Form: Movement.

Proximity: Closeness.

Curved Lines

Vertical Lines

Diagonal Lines

Horizontal Lines

Implied Line

Kinetic Forms

Open and Closed Forms

Prescence and Absence


Sight Line

Straight Lines

Categories: Uncategorized

I. Elements of 3D Design Styrofoam Shapes

January 16, 2011 1 comment




Radial Symmetry




Categories: Projects

I. Elements of 3D Design

January 15, 2011 Leave a comment

Symmetry: what occurs when one side of something balances out or mirrors the other.

Michealangelo Pistoletto – Borbein Figure

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Richard Serra- Circuit

Jeff-Koons-Hanging Heart


Asymmetry is the absence of, or a violation of, a symmetry.

Nam June Paike -Benevolence

Michealangelo Pistoletto -About U-Turn

Magdalena Abakanowicz -Energy and Process

Eva Hesse

Claes Oldenburg

Radial Symmetry: a symmetrical arrangement of constituents, especially of radiating parts, about a central point.

Nam June Paike

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Judy Chicago

Eva Hesse

Claire Barclay

Scale: Dimensional element’s defined by other elements of design-size relative to other art, its surroundings, or in relation to human size.

Louise Bourgois – Spider

Jeff Coons – Puppy

Claus Oldenburg

Claes Oldenburg

Brancusi – Endless Column

Proportion: a measurement of the size and quantity of elements within a composition.

Magdelena Abakanowit – ZYK

Magdalena Abakanowicz – O’euvre

Magdelena Abakanowtiz – King Arthur’s Court

Eva Hesse

Emphasis: the arrangement of the page components to create a focal point or visual hierarchy of dominant and subordinant elements.

Leonardo Drew – Number 40

Magdelena Abakanowicz – Cage

Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse

Louise Bourgois

Contrast: the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama.

Nam June Paik -TV Buddha

Michealangelo Pistoletto – Venus of the Rags

Eva Hesse

Jeff Coons – Tulips

Donald Judd – Minimal

Variety: the quality or state of having different forms or types. The differences which give a design visual and conceptual interest: notably use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.

Nam June Pike – Electronic Superhighway

Louise Nevelson

Leonardo Drew

Leonardo Drew – 171T

Eva Hesse – Atelier

Repetition: works with pattern to make the artwork seem active. The repetition of elements of design creates unity within the artwork.

Magdelena Abakanowtiz

Judy Chicago

Judy Chicago – Minimal Works

Donald Judd – Boxes

David Judd – Field Sculptures

Rhythm: when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. Variety is essential to keep rhythm exciting and active, and moving the viewer around the artwork.

Richard Serra

Michealangelo Pistoletto

Louise Bourgeoi

Leonardo Drew

Judy Chicago – Minimal Works

Categories: Research